Linux常用缩写【美高梅手机登录网站】

作者:电脑系统

rmdir -- ReMove DIRectory

gnome -- GNu Object Model Environment

gdm -- Gnome Display Manager

gtk -- Graphic user interface ToolKit

qt -- ………………Toolkit(不说Q了,用Q只是因为在开荒者的Emacs中Q特别美好…………)

kde -- K Desktop Environment

lxde -- Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment

xfce -- XForms Common Environment

下一场是各类参数(阐明:只是日常会利用的参数,并不一定是通用参数,使用时请注意):

-h | --help:help

-v | --version:version(吐槽一下java)

如故漏了(不是亲人漏了),各个许可证:

gnu gpl : Gnu General Public License

gnu lgpl : Gnu General Lesser Public License

gfdl : Gnu Free Documentation License

agpl : Affero General Public License(或简写为Affero gpl卡塔尔(قطر‎

apsl : Apple Public Source License

bsd : Berkeley Software Distribution license

du = Disk Usage

 

接下去是图形分界面:

pty = pseudo tty

g -- Gnu c compiler

软件及软件包管理:

lsof = LiSt Open Files

ln -- LiNk

接下去是硬件管理:

twm = Tom's Window Manager

ps -- Processes Status

/boot:看名就会猜到其意义

/root :同上

/lost found:同上

/run:同上

/home:同上

/etc:ETCetera

/bin:BINaries

/dev:DEVices

/lib:LIBraries

/mnt:MouNT

/proc:PROCesses

/tmp:TeMPorary

/var:VARiable

/srv:SeRVices

/opt:OPTion

/sbin:Super BINaries(又作Superuser BINaries)

/sys:SYStem

/usr:一鼓而作Unix System Resources,再而作Unix Software Resources,三而作Unix Shared Resources(这几个很关键,相当多个人会以为那几个是user)

gtk=gimp toolkit

userdel -- USER DELete

末段是编辑器:

egrep = Extended GREP

/boot:看名称就能够想到其意义

之后是系统管理(重要是功底模组):

ar = archiver

or conCATenate

目录名:

groff = GNU troff

lspci -- LiSt Peripheral Component Interconnect

man -- MANual

apt -- Advanced Packaging Tool

dpkg -- Debian PacKaGe

yum -- Yellow dog Updater, Modified

rpm -- RPM Package Manager(又作Redhat Package Manager,可是小编比较赏识前面多少个,因为魔性)

joe = Joe's Own Editor

cp -- CoPy

ed -- EDitor

nano -- Nano's ANOther editor(还有)

emacs -- Editor MACroS(还会有超级多完善,就不列支了,那么些选择度相比广)

vi -- VIsual

vim -- Vi Improved

注2:还或许有顾客及客户组管理,等有时间吧......

gdk=gimp drawing kit

depmod -- DEPend MODule

作者:Even Chou
链接:
来源:知乎
小说权归小编全数。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转发请表明出处。

svn = SubVersioN

exec -- EXECute

cc -- C Compiler

gcc -- Gnu Compiler Collection(作为二个软件集被您下载下来编写翻译安装的时候)

gcc -- Gnu C Compiler (作为一个软件被你调用来编写翻译C程序的时候)

g -- Gnu c compiler(其实g 只是调用gcc,然后连接c 的库,并且作相应的意气风发部分编写翻译设置而已)

gcj -- Gnu Compiler for Java

yacc -- Yet Another Compiler Compiler

guile -- Gnu Ubiquitous Intelligent Language for Extensions

瓦斯 -- Gnu Assembler(好像已经看不到了)

php -- PHP:Hypertext Preprocessor (啊啊啊又来了)

ld -- Link eDitor(为什么不是le作者不太通晓,不过GNU官方名为Linker,可是并未有d啊??难道是Link Daemon??不懂)(@唐喵谢提示,笔者又去查了二遍)

上边引用他的评价:

至于 ld... 假如本身是设计者的话,笔者会担忧跟代表“小于等于”的 le 重名。也可以有材质视为来源于 load (seeGNU linker).

gdb -- Gnu DeBug(又忘神器了)

tcl -- Tool Command Line

dc = Desk Calculator

yum -- Yellow dog Updater, Modified

depmod -- DEPend MODule

lsmod -- LiSt MODule

modprobe -- MODule PROBE

modinfo -- MODule INFOrmation

insmod -- INSert MODule

rmmod -- ReMove MODule

ps -- Processes Status

su -- Substitute User

bash -- Bourne Again SHell

init -- INITialization(差非常的少把这几个忘了)

ssh -- Secure SHell

wine -- Wine Is Not an Emulator(哈哈,又来了)

exec -- EXECute

fstab -- FileSystem TABle

passwd -- PASSWorD

tty -- TeleTYpe

sudo -- SuperUser DO

grub -- GRand Unified Bootloader(Linux全家桶运营就靠它了)

tzselect -- Time Zone SELECT

sync -- SYNChronize(确认关机前多执行四次。有次小编在tty1用vim改nginx配置文件,朋友在tty2给自家一贯关机了(用halt关的,那几个猪脑子,小编说过好数次用shutdown了),导致开机的时候nginx运维不起来,关机前布置文件小编改了重重,不过vim未有备份那么多,还要重改www)

装了systemd -- SYSTEM Daemon 的话,会有systemctl bootctl journalctl loginctl localectl timedatectl 等等,都是blablabla ConTroL

cp = CoPy

/opt:OPTional

文本管理(蕴涵文件输出管理):

chgrp = CHange GRouP

pwunconv -- PassWord UNCONVert

接下去是写程序时会用到的:

/dev = DEVices

lvresize -- Logical Volume RESIZE

df -- Disk Free

du -- Disk Usage

dd -- Data Description(一说是Convert and Copy, 但是cc被用掉了,就用dd了)

parted -- PARTition EDitor

lspci -- LiSt Peripheral Component Interconnect

lscpu -- LiSt Central Process Unit

lsusb -- LiSt Universal Serial Bus

mdadm -- 求助啊,那一个不知情呀,只领悟md是multiple device!!

注:等本人不常光会补上lvm的内容

ex = EXtended

gcj -- Gnu Compiler for Java

ls -- LiSt

cd -- Change Directory

pwd -- Print Working Directory

cp -- CoPy

mv -- MoVe

rm -- ReMove

pushd -- PUSH to Directory

popd -- POP from Directory(那俩个是很有用的下令,在编译LFS的时候学到的)

mkdir -- MaKe DIRectory

rmdir -- ReMove DIRectory

cat -- CATenate(有就是conCATenate,那七个词是二个情趣啊)

sed -- Stream EDitor

diff -- DIFFerence

wc -- Word Count(不是万分wc啊)

chmod -- CHange MODe

chown -- CHange OWNer

chgrp -- CHange GRouP

awk -- Aho Weinberger and Kernighan(自恋,服气)

gawk -- Gnu Aho Weinberger and Kernighan

grep -- General Regular Expression Print(@闫子昂谢谢)

ln -- LiNk

tar -- TARball

nroff = New ROFF

GNU -- Gnu is Not Unix

ssl = Secure Sockets Layer

mv -- MoVe

elf = Extensible Linking Format

gnu lgpl : Gnu General Lesser Public License

YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool

sudo -- SuperUser DO

eval = EVALuate

2.7、编译器:

sed = Stream EDitor

-v | --version:version(耻笑一下java)

gpg = GNU Privacy Guard

/srv:SeRVices

roff = RunOFF

fsck -- File System Consistency Check

mawk = Mike Brennan's AWK

dd -- Data Description(有正是Convert and Copy, 不过cc被用掉了,就用dd了)

termcap = terminal capability

lvcreate -- Logical Volume CREATE

/etc = ETCetera, 那么些目录里面包蕴了广大的连串布署文件

pwd -- Print Working Directory

fd = file descriptors

gdb -- Gnu DeBug

lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses

modinfo -- MODule INFOrmation

m4 = Macro processor Version 4

wine -- Wine Is Not an Emulator

rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat Package Manager

mkdir -- MaKe DIRectory

man = MANual pages

man -- MANual

tcsh = TENEX C shell

gcc -- Gnu C Compiler (作为八个软件被您调用来编写翻译C程序的时候)

terminfo = terminal information

gtk -- Graphic user interface ToolKit

Tcl = Tool Command Language

Linux -- LINUs' uniX (开个笑话不是那样的,别当真)

Tk = ToolKit

tcl -- Tool Command Line

elm = ELectronic Mail

lxde -- Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment

yacc = yet another compiler compiler

groupdel -- GROUP DELete

stty = Set TTY

sync -- SYNChronize

gawk = GNU AWK

/dev:DEVices

rev = REVerse

pvremove -- Physical Volume REMOVE

xwd = X Window Dump

/home:同上

cvs = Current Version System

guile -- Gnu Ubiquitous Intelligent Language for Extensions

su = Substitute User

or Unix Software Resources

lame = Lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder

awk -- Aho Weinberger and Kernighan

/tmp = TeMPorary

以下内容仅供参谋,不完全对。

nohup = No HangUP

 

ssh = Secure SHell

cc -- C Compiler

bash = Bourne Again SHell

systemd -- SYSTEM Daemon (里面有systemctl bootctl journalctl loginctl localectl timedatectl 等等,都是blablabla ConTroL)

pine = "Program for Internet News & Email" = "Pine is notElm"

useradd -- USER Add

chown = CHange OWNer

ssh -- Secure SHell

fmt = format

emacs -- Editor MACroS(还或者有好多完备,就不列项支出了,这一个接收度比较广)

wall = write all

2、常用命令:

popd = POP Directory

parted -- PARTition EDitor

/sbin = Superuser BINaries

/sbin:Super BINaries

ps = Processes Status

modprobe -- MODule PROBE

 

 

biff = 笔者Heidi Stettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,心仪对邮递员汪汪叫。

gnu gpl : Gnu General Public License

seq = SEQuence

yacc -- Yet Another Compiler Compiler

pico = PIne's message COmposition editor

su -- Substitute User

fg = ForeGround

chmod -- CHange MODe

fgrep = Fixed GREP

or Unix Shared Resources(这一个很首要,很四人会感觉这些是user)

chsh = CHange SHell

vi -- VIsual

printf = PRINT Formatted

passwd -- PASSWorD

rsh, rlogin, rvim中的r = Remote

chown -- CHange OWNer

nawk = New AWK

insmod -- INSert MODule

cal = CALendar

gnome -- GNu Object Model Environment

emacs = Editor MACroS

vgs -- Volume Group Status

/usr = Unix Shared Resources

usermod -- USER MODify

as = assembler

lvm -- Logical Volume Manager

mtab = Mount TABle

gdm -- Gnome Display Manager

pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability

 

/bin = BINaries

/root :同上

xlfd = X Logical Font Description

fstab -- FileSystem TABle

nano = Nano's ANOther editor

2.4、客商及客商组处理:

cd = Change Directory

vgdisplay -- Volume Group DISPLAY

Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language" ="Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister"

rm -- ReMove

passwd = PASSWorD

 

tee = T (T形水管接口卡塔尔国

groupadd -- GROUP ADD

ping = 拟声 又 = Packet InterNet Grouper

du -- Disk Usage

IFS = Internal Field Seperators

popd -- POP from Directory

fsck = File System ChecK

pvs -- Physical Volume Status

seamoneky = 我

vgextend -- Volume Group EXTEND

LILO = LInux LOader

2.6、编辑器:

fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager

apsl : Apple Public Source License

mc = Midnight Commander

wc -- Word Count

dd = Disk Dump

/var:VARiable

wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator

 

exec = EXECute

ls -- LiSt

cron = Chronos 希腊共和国文时间

/tmp:TeMPorary

PS = Prompt String

pvdisplay -- Physical Volume DISPLAY

od = Octal Dump

pvresize -- Physical Volume RESIZE

cobra = Common Object Request Broker Architecture

pvextend -- Physical Volume EXTEND

MySQL = My是早先时代小编孙女的名字,SQL = Structured QueryLanguage

gcc -- Gnu Compiler Collection(作为三个软件集被你下载下来编写翻译安装的时候)

ed = editor

lsusb -- LiSt Universal Serial Bus

xrdb = X Resources DataBase

-h | --help:help

GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader

grub -- GRand Unified Bootloader

daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor

/bin:BINaries

ln = LiNk

fdisk -- Format DISK

motd = Message of The Day

/sys:SYStem

apt = Advanced Packaging Tool

lscpu -- LiSt Central Process Unit

Linux常用缩写

chgrp -- CHange GRouP

troff = Typesetter new ROFF

 

diff = DIFFerence

diff -- DIFFerence

bc = Basic (Better) Calculator

rpm -- RPM Package Manager

tr = traslate

/proc:PROCesses

uniq = UNIQue

cd -- Change Directory

wc = Word Count

lsblk -- LiSt BLocK

vi = VIsual = Very Inconvenient

kde -- K Desktop Environment

apache = "a patchy" server

2.5、系统处理:

dmesg = diagnostic message

2.3、软件及软件包管理:

rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell

0、项目名:

mkfs = MaKe FileSystem

mawk -- Minimal AWK

xmms = X Multimedia System

tar -- TARball

xargs = eXtended ARGuments

xfce -- XForms Common Environment

rxvt = ouR XVT

 

cmp = compare

pushd -- PUSH to Directory

comm = common

mdadm -- Multiple Disk And Device Manager

lex = LEXical analyser

 

mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa

mkfs -- MaKe FileSystem

gnome=GNU’s Network Object Model Environment

groupmems -- GROUP MEMberS

pwd = Print Working Directory

init -- INITialization

pg = pager

pwconv -- PassWord CONVert

/bin = BINaries /dev = DEVices /etc = ETCetera, 那些目录里面含有了广阔的种类计划文件 /lib = LIBrary /proc = PROCesses /sbin = Superuser BINaries...

/mnt:MouNT

rm = ReMove

bsd : Berkeley Software Distribution license

tz = TimeZone

5、许可证:

ls = list

vim -- Vi Improved

slrn = S-Lang rn

4、参数(评释:只是普通会使用的参数,并不一定是通用参数,使用时请注意):

udev = Userspace DEV

/etc:ETCetera

tsort = Topological SORT

gawk -- Gnu AWK

vim = Vi IMproved

/run:同上

cups = Common Unix Printing System

tty -- TeleTYpe

bg = BackGround

ld -- LoaD

chmod = CHange MODe

lvremove -- Logical Volume REMOVE

mv = MoVe

vgresize -- Volume Group RESIZE

lpr = Line PRint

ed -- EDitor

mknod = MaKe NODe

df -- Disk Free

rn = Read News

agpl : Affero General Public License(或简写为Affero gpl卡塔尔

FIFO = First In, First Out

dash -- Debian Almquist SHell

tex = τ&e41;χνη的缩写,希腊文art

users -- USER Status

pushd = PUSH Directory

2.1、文件及文件夹管理:

umask = User's MASK

vgremove -- Volume Group REMOVE

nm = names

 

fstab = FileSystem TABle

/usr:Unix System Resources

df = Disk Free

 

ksh = Korn SHell

or Redhat Package Manager

cat = CATenate

注:以下内容转自,作者是二个高级中学的学员,能总括这么多那样好,真心称誉。这么好的文化笔者怕在互联英特网海消防失,所以在此做了一个备份。

Python 得名于影视剧Monty Python's FlyingCircus

apt -- Advanced Packaging Tool

cpp = C Pre Processor

tzselect -- Time Zone SELECT

tar = Tape ARchive

 

tty = TeleTypewriter

vgcreate -- Volume Group CREATE

cpio = CoPy In and Out

lsmod -- LiSt MODule

/var = VARiable ?

gas -- Gnu Assembler

nl = Number of Lines

1、目录名:

shar = SHell ARchive

lvs -- Logical Volume Status

ulimit = User's LIMIT

grep -- General Regular Expression Print

hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer

3、图形分界面:

xdm = X Display Manager

qt -- ………………Toolkit(不说Q了,用Q只是因为在开辟者的Emacs中Q非常卓绝…………)

pr = pre

cat -- CATenate

/lib = LIBrary

chpasswd -- CHange PASSWorD

VT = Video Terminal

sed -- Stream EDitor

telnet = TEminaL over Network

2.2.1、lvm

/proc = PROCesses

2.2、硬件管理:

PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP Hypertext Preprocessor

or Superuser BINaries

awk = "Aho Weiberger and Kernighan" 八个笔者的姓的率先个字母

php -- PHP:Hypertext Preprocessor

bash -- Bourne Again SHell

nano -- Nano's ANOther editor

/lib:LIBraries

lvdisplay -- Logical Volume DISPLAY

lvextend -- Logical Volume EXTEND

dpkg -- Debian PacKaGe

pvcreate -- Physical Volume CREATE

groupmod -- GROUP MODify

gfdl : Gnu Free Documentation License

rmmod -- ReMove MODule

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关键词: Linux